What are the Top 10 Most Valuable Companies in the World 2023?

Carolina Caro Mora
20 Min read
Which company is the world's most valuable? Apple once again leads the charge as the most valuable company in the world, ahead of Microsoft and Saudi Aramco. 
  • ✔️ In the last year, the market capitalisation of the world's most valuable companies increased by 11% to $35.16 trillion. 
  •  
  • ✔️ Apple and Microsoft are once again at the top of the list of the world's most valuable companies, with Saudi Aramco coming in third, shaping our top runners.  

The coronavirus pandemic, which forced the closure of many of the world's largest economies, caused a crash in equity markets in March 2020, a month marked by high volatility. Despite this, the world's largest corporations were able to weather the wave of selling and gradually return to pre-Covid-19 levels. 

In this article, we'll look at the most valuable companies in the world by capitalization in 2023. We will also examine how the crisis has affected them, as well as potential scenarios for the remainder of the year. 

Most Valuable Companies | Pre-Context 

The stock market value of the world's most valuable companies recovered early from the March 2020 collapse. So much so that, according to the PwC report 'Global Top 100 Companies by Market Capitalization', the market capitalisation of the world's 100 most valuable companies increased from 21.4 trillion dollars to 31.7 trillion dollars between that date and March 2021, a 48% increase in just one year. 

The market capitalisation of the world's most valuable companies reached an all-time high of $35.16 trillion between March 2021 and March 2022. 

As we enter 2023, let's take a closer look at the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization. The information below is from Investing.com as of December 21, 2022. 
   

APPLE (AAPL)

Apple has reclaimed the top spot on the list of the world's most valuable companies. Apple began to take off in 1997, when Steve Jobs, one of its founders who had left the company a few years before, took over as CEO. He served in this capacity until August 24, 2011. 

Jobs died from cancer a few weeks later. 

What Jobs accomplished with Apple was to build a massive fan base around a brand that is instantly recognizable around the world and for which its devotees are willing to pay exorbitant prices. From the 2000s to 2010, Apple's success was largely due to the iPhone and iPad. 

Because of their multifunctionality, these products revolutionized technological mobility in some ways. The company's strong performance was reflected in the stock market, with Apple holding the world's largest market capitalisation between 2012 and 2017. Microsoft took this title away from Apple in 2018, while Aramco's stock market breakthrough at the end of 2019 pushed Apple into third place. 

It currently has a market capitalisation of $2.1 trillion (as of 21 December 2022). 

Let's take a closer look at Apple's technical chart to better understand its performance: 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. Apple weekly chart. Data range: 30 December 2007 to 21 December 2022. Prepared on 21 December 2022 at 13.30 CET. Please note that past performance does not guarantee future returns. 

The chart depicts a consistent uptrend that became more pronounced just after the financial markets crashed in March 2020 as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic (highlighted with a pink rectangle). 

Soon after that date, in late August 2020, Apple implemented a 4-for-1 stock split, making each Apple share worth $500. It began trading at $120 after a four-way split. The share price was $134 as of 21 December 2022, up from $134 in June 2021. 

MICROSOFT (MSFT)

After some difficult years, particularly between 2007 and 2013, Microsoft is now the world's second most valuable company in terms of market capitalisation. 

Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft in 1975, and its primary business is the development of operating systems, software, and hardware. Microsoft is now involved in other technological areas such as artificial intelligence and video games. It is also present in social networks, such as Skype and Linkedin. This diversification of its business has increased investor confidence and made Microsoft more storm-resistant. 

Its capitalisation surpassed $1 trillion in April 2019 and currently stands at $1.8 trillion, although it was set to surpass $2 trillion in 2021. 

Let's take a look at Microsoft's stock performance over the past few years: 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. Microsoft weekly chart. Data range: from 16 December 2007 to 21 December 2022. Produced on 21 December 2022 at 16:00 CET. Please note that past performance does not guarantee future returns. 

As the chart shows, Microsoft's stock performance has been very positive since 2014, with a more pronounced upward trend beginning in early 2019. It was undoubtedly a profitable trade for the long-term trader who invested in Microsoft in 2014. 

The chart also shows how well Microsoft has weathered the coronavirus, as it joined the wave of declines in mid-March 2020, but quickly recovered and reached its all-time high of $345 in November 2021. 

ARAMCO

The Saudi Monarchy owns Aramco, the world's largest oil company. This behemoth manages one out of every nine barrels of crude oil produced in the world and earns more than $300 billion in revenue. 

Its history begins in the early twentieth century, in the 1930s, with the first exploration concessions granted on Saudi territory. In the 1940s, it was renamed Aramco and was owned by US corporations. 

In the 1980s, the Saudi government purchased 25% of the oil company, gradually increasing this percentage over the years until it owned 100% of the company. 

In 2016, the oil company announced plans to list 5% of its shares on the stock exchange the following year in order to raise approximately $100 billion. The IPO was postponed for several years. Aramco debuted on the Riyadh Stock Exchange in December 2019 at a price of 32 rials, or about $8 per share. 

It increased by 10% to 35 rials on its first crossing. It rose to 38 rials in the following days, but the first impact of the coronavirus crisis, in early March 2020, triggered volatility in Aramco's share price, which was exacerbated by the collapse in the price of oil futures maturities. It hit a low of 27 rials on March 16. It has gradually recovered since then. 

The stock was trading at 31 rials on December 21, 2022. It has a market capitalisation of USD 1.8 trillion (SAR 6.82 trillion). 

The stock of Saudi Aramco is not yet available on Admirals because it is not yet listed on a western stock exchange. 

ALPHABET (GOOGLE) (GOOG)

Since August 2015, Google, now known as Alphabet, has been one of Wall Street's biggest success stories. It began as a search engine and has grown into a global web empire as a result of significant business diversification. 

The uptrend in Google's stock began in August 2012, with a break above the $650 resistance zone, and reached a high of around $1228 in February 2014, just days before Google decided to split its stock. 

This did not affect Google's stock price, which is expected to surpass $3,000 in October 2021. 

In December 2022, its market capitalisation is 1.16 trillion dollars. 

Let's look at the weekly chart to see how it's changing: 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. Weekly Google chart. Data range: 30 December 2007 to 21 December 2022. Prepared on 21 December 2022 at 17:00 CET. Please note that past performance does not guarantee future returns. 

Amazon's price chart also shows a long-term uptrend since 2015. There is a significant setback in 2018 due to lower-than-expected sales. However, it quickly returns to an upward trend until the Covid-19 pandemic causes a generalized fall in March 2020. 

The correction is brief, and the price quickly returns to, if not exceeds, pre-pandemic levels. From July 2020 to April 2022, the price fluctuated between USD 3760, its previous all-time high, and USD 3013. 

Because of the high price, Amazon will conduct a 20-for-1 stock split in June 2022. 

As a result, the stock's price was reduced 20 times, making it more affordable. It is currently trading at around $88 as of December 28, 2022, following a sustained decline since November 20, 2021. 

If you want to practice some strategies with the stocks we've seen so far, you can do so in a virtual environment that is both safe and capitalised, using a demo account. Admirals allows you to open a free demo account and trade stocks directly or through contracts for difference (CFDs) on stocks. 

AMAZON (AMZN)

Despite appearances, Amazon's history dates back to 1994, when Jeff Bezos founded the company with the goal of becoming the world's largest retailer. In terms of online commerce, this is a nearly completed goal. 

Furthermore, Jeff Bezos' company has followed in the footsteps of technology behemoths like Apple and Microsoft by diversifying its business with its own brands like Amazon Music, Amazon Web Services, e-books (Kindle), smart speakers (Echo), and so on. With Amazon Prime, it has recently joined the wave of streaming platforms. 

According to Investing, it surpassed $1 trillion in market capitalisation in 2018 and is now worth $869.08 billion on the stock market as of 21 December 2022. 

Amazon began trading on the NASDAQ in 1997 at a price of $18 per share. 
Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. Weekly Amazon chart. Data range: 26 February 2012 to 28 December 2022. Prepared on 28 December 2022 at 8.00 a.m. CET. Please note that past performance is not a reliable guarantee of future returns. 

Amazon's chart also shows a long-term upward trend dating back to 2015. There is a significant setback in 2018 due to lower-than-expected sales. However, it quickly returns to an upward trend until the Covid-19 pandemic causes a generalized fall in March 2020. 

The correction is brief, and the price quickly returns to, if not exceeds, pre-pandemic levels. From July 2020 to April 2022, the price fluctuated between USD 3760, its previous all-time high, and USD 3013. 

Because of the high price, Amazon will conduct a 20-for-1 stock split in June 2022. 

This reduced the stock's price by a factor of 20 and made it more affordable. It is currently trading at around USD 88 as of December 28, 2022, following a sustained decline since November 20, 2021. 

If you want to practice some strategies with the stocks we've seen so far, you can do so in a virtual environment that is both safe and capitalised, using a demo account. Admirals allows you to open a free demo account and trade stocks directly or through contracts for difference (CFDs) on stocks. To register, click the button below: 

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BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY (BRKB)

Berkshire Hathaway, owned by the famous investor Warren Buffett, is the world's sixth most valuable company today, specializing in equity investments. It owns stakes in many of the world's most powerful corporations, including Apple, Bank of America, Coca-Cola, Wells Fargo, and American Express. 

The 'Oracle of Omaha,' as he is known, has been at the helm of this company for more than five decades, with great success given that it is one of the most valuable companies in the world. 

It has a market value of $666.19 billion as of December 21, 2022. 

Let's look at the long-term graph: 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. BRKB weekly chart. Data range: 13 November 2011 to 28 December 2022. Prepared on 28 December 2022 at 9.00 a.m. CET. Please note that past performance is not a reliable guarantee of future returns. 

The chart shows how Berkshire Hathaway has been in an uptrend for more than a decade. In March 2020 it falls back when the markets collapse due to the Covid-19 pandemic, but soon rebounds more strongly. 

From then, at the end of March 2020, until the last week of March 2022, the price of Berkshire Hathaway accumulated a 93% appreciation, from the level of USD 160 to USD 358, the highest level ever.   

From March 2022 to 28 December 2022, the share price fell back to around USD 305. 

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UNITEDHEALTH (UNH)

UnitedHealth Group is the world's second largest healthcare company in terms of revenue, so it's no surprise that it's one of the top ten most valuable companies. 

In times of high market volatility, such as 2022, healthcare is considered a defensive sector because demand remains constant regardless of the economic situation. 

Its market capitalisation is USD 486.38 billion as of December 21, 2022. 

The stock price chart of UnitedHealth Group demonstrates the sector's strength: 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. UnitedHealth Weekly Chart. Data range: 1 September 2013 to 28 December 2022. Prepared on 28 December 2022 at 16:00 CET. Please note that past performance is not a guarantee of future returns. 

The chart above clearly shows UnitedHealth's share price rising since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic in March 2020. The price has risen from USD 224 to USD 550 since then.  

JOHNSON & JOHNSON (JNJ)

Johnson & Johnson is one of the top ten most valuable companies. This is another defensive company that can withstand crises because its (health) products will continue to be consumed regardless of what happens. 

It was founded in 1886, and its debt is rated AAA by rating agencies, indicating an extremely low risk of default. 

Johnson&Johnson's market capitalisation is $459.29 billion as of December 21, 2022. 

Let's see how Johnson & Johnson has performed in the stock market: 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. Johnson & Johnson weekly chart. Data range: 6 November 2011 to 28 December 2022. Produced on 28 December 2022 at 16:00 CET. Please note that past performance is not a guarantee of future returns.

The chart of Johnson&Johnson clearly shows the stock's sustained uptrend from USD 62 to USD 178 on multiple occasions in 2022. The price will remain between USD 160 and 178 between December 2020 and December 2022. 

TESLA (TSLA)

Tesla was founded in 2003, but its popularity skyrocketed after Elon Musk became CEO in 2008. He had become a shareholder four years before. The electric vehicle manufacturer went public in 2010 at a price of USD 17 per share. 

A decade later, the price had risen to USD 2,300. As a result, the company decided to conduct a stock split in August 2020, dividing each share into five parts. As a result, each share began trading at USD 440. 

In August 2022, Tesla again split its shares, this time in a 3:1 ratio. 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. Tesla weekly chart. Data range: 29 April 2012 to 5 May 2022. Produced on 5 May 2022 at 15.30 CET. Please note that past performance does not guarantee future returns. 

The graph shows how Tesla shares were trading at 55 dollars just before the Covid-19 pandemic. After falling to 23 dollars in March 2020, it began an upward trend that would take it above 400 dollars in October 2021. Since then, the price has steadily declined to $110, where it will trade on December 28, 2022. 

Tesla's market capitalisation is $435.14 billion as of 21 December 2022, making it one of the world's top ten most valuable companies. 

However, the company was ranked seventh with a value of nearly $1 trillion just seven months ago. 

VISA (V)

When Bank of America introduced the BankAmericard credit card in 1958, Visa was born. The 1980s and 1990s were critical years in the international expansion of the Visa brand, which benefited from the installation of ATMs in the busiest areas of the United States. 

Visa was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in March 2008 at a price of USD 43.5 per share. 

Let's take a look at how the company has performed on the stock market: 

Source: Admirals MetaTrader 5. Weekly VISA chart. Data range: 10 December 2017 to 29 December 2022. Prepared on 29 December 2022 at 8.30 a.m. CET. Please note that past performance is not a reliable guarantee of future returns. 

VISA's price chart shows a consistent upward trend until July 2021, when it reaches USD 252. The price has since retreated and entered a sideways channel between USD 195 and USD 215.50. 

VISA's market capitalisation is 423.32 billion as of 21 December 2022. 

How to invest in the world's ten most valuable companies

In bearish scenarios, there is the option of investing in shares via CFDs or Contracts For Difference, which allow for short trading and leverage, i.e. the position does not have to be deposited in full but can be opened with a small margin. 

This tool can multiply profits but also losses, so it should be used with caution and risk management. 

Admirals provides direct access to thousands of shares and ETFs listed on 15 of the world's leading stock exchanges via the Invest.MT5 account. 

CFDs can also be traded. If you do not feel ready to begin trading and require additional training, you can sign up for our free webinars and live trading sessions on YouTube Admirals

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About Admirals      

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