Trading Trends in the Foreign Exchange Market

Alexandros Theophanopoulos
7 Min read

As a trader, I'm sure you've often heard the phrase "The trend is your friend". Indeed, it has become a cliché, but such expressions have built up their reputation over time because they are of crucial importance in any trading plan. In this article, we will teach you how to identify trends using price action analysis.

Trend Trading: An Introduction

Before we start, it's very important to explain why this strategy, where trading is done in the direction of the dominant trend, is so popular and used by experienced traders as well as those who are at the beginning of the road. Experienced traders know that identifying a well-trained trend and trading in the direction of it often makes trading more efficient. For this reason, they are always looking for strong, clearly defined trends so that they can profit consistently from them.

For a better understanding of this, one can give a simple example: if the market climbs strongly in a well-defined trend, the strategy used to enter the market is not so important, the idea is to buy. This does of course not promise any profits, however does emphasize that once you have found a strong trend and you are trading in the direction of it, you do not have to be exactingly precise in terms of entries and exits.

Second, by trading in the direction of the dominant trend, on the impulse, you will be able to stay on the market for a longer time.

As this article is intended for beginners, the advice is not yet to consider trading against the dominant trend! The idea of catching a global market correction is tempting, but countless traders have tried this approach and failed.

Source: MetaTrader 5 undated AUD/USD Price Chart Trend Example. Disclaimer: Graphs for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals (CFDs, ETFs, Shares). Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.
Source: MetaTrader 5 undated USD/JPY Price Chart Trend Example. Disclaimer: Graphs for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals (CFDs, ETFs, Shares). Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.

From the two charts above, one can see that there are more points (pips) that one can potentially profit by trading in the direction of the trend (ascending or descending), not against it. By trading in the direction of the dominant trend, it will actually align the trading strategy with the price action at the moment of the market.

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Trend Trading: Determining the Direction

To properly identify a dominant trend, we need to observe the overall picture. For this reason, it is recommended that you open a chart of a financial instrument on the Daily or Weekly timeframe and then answer the following question: What direction is the market moving?

If the trend is rising upwards, you need to confirm its direction by looking for the higher lows and higher highs. If the higher lows and higher highs are rising – this is the definition of an uptrend.

Source: MetaTrader 5 undated EUR/USD Price Chart Uptrend Example. Disclaimer: Graphs for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals (CFDs, ETFs, Shares). Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.

A valid uptrend should be similar to the one shown below:

At some point, any trend will end. Therefore, this uptrend will turn into a downtrend when a series of lower highs and lower lows will appear on the chart.

Disclaimer: Graphics for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals (CFDs, ETFs, Shares). Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.

If the trend is descending, you need to confirm its direction, looking for lower highs and lower lows. Lower highs and lower lows define a downtrend. The chart below shows a valid downtrend:

Source: MetaTrader 5 undated NZD/USD Price Chart Downtrend Example. Disclaimer: Graphs for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals (CFDs, ETFs, Shares). Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.

This downtrend will change in an uptrend when a series of higher lows and higher highs will appear on the chart.

Disclaimer: Graphics for financial instruments in this article are for illustrative purposes and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument provided by Admirals (CFDs, ETFs, Shares). Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.

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Trading Trends: Conclusion

It is important to emphasize that there are no set-in-stone rules to identify the lows or highs and to immediately apply them to trend analysis. In trading, the idea is to choose and trade the clearest and most obvious examples of ascending and descending trends.

Do not forget, filter the market signals in the direction of the dominant trend and ignore the signals that are against the trend (corrections of the trend)!

Other articles you may find interesting:

Frequently Asked Questions

 

What is a Forex trading trend?

A forex trading trend refers to the general direction in which a currency pair's exchange rate is moving over a period of time. Trends can be categorized as either upward (bullish), downward (bearish), or sideways (range-bound). Recognizing and analyzing trends is essential for successful forex trading.

 

 

How can I identify a Forex trading trend?

You can identify a forex trading trend by looking at price charts. Common tools include trendlines, moving averages, and technical indicators like the Relative Strength Index (RSI) or Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD). An uptrend typically consists of higher highs and higher lows, while a downtrend features lower highs and lower lows.

 

 

What to keep in mind when trading trends in the Forex market?

When trading trends in the forex market, it's important to remember the following:

  • Risk Management: Always use proper risk management strategies, such as setting stop-loss orders, to limit potential losses.
  • Confirmation: Consider using multiple indicators or analysis methods to confirm a trend before making a trade.
  • Stay Informed: Keep up with economic events and news that can impact currency prices, as they can change or reverse trends.
  • Practice: Before trading with real money, practice on a demo account to gain experience and refine your trading strategy.


INFORMATION ABOUT ANALYTICAL MATERIALS:

The given data provides additional information regarding all analysis, estimates, prognosis, forecasts, market reviews, weekly outlooks or other similar assessments or information (hereinafter “Analysis”) published on the websites of Admiral Markets investment firms operating under the Admiral Markets and Admirals trademarks (hereinafter “Admirals”). Before making any investment decisions please pay close attention to the following:
1. This is a marketing communication. The content is published for informative purposes only and is in no way to be construed as investment advice or recommendation. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research, and that it is not subject to any prohibition on dealing ahead of the dissemination of investment research.
2. Any investment decision is made by each client alone whereas Admirals shall not be responsible for any loss or damage arising from any such decision, whether or not based on the content.
3. With view to protecting the interests of our clients and the objectivity of the Analysis, Admirals has established relevant internal procedures for prevention and management of conflicts of interest.
4. The Analysis is prepared by an independent analyst (hereinafter “Author”) based on the NAME +(Position) personal estimations.
5. Whilst every reasonable effort is taken to ensure that all sources of the content are reliable and that all information is presented, as much as possible, in an understandable, timely, precise and complete manner, Admirals does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information contained within the Analysis.
6. Any kind of past or modeled performance of financial instruments indicated within the content should not be construed as an express or implied promise, guarantee or implication by Admirals for any future performance. The value of the financial instrument may both increase and decrease and the preservation of the asset value is not guaranteed.
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